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Product Pyramid

Explore all categories of wound care products, with details of individual treatments and their performance indicators.


Absorbent dressings

The main function of an absorbent dressing is the containment of wound fluid (exudate). There are different types of absorbent dressing, as wounds produce different amounts of exudate and are different shapes and sizes.

Alginate dressings

Alginates are a 'natural' form of dressing manufactured from different types of algae and seaweed, which form into a gel when they come into contact with liquid.

Antimicrobial dressings

Antimicrobial agents are used to inhibit microorganisms. The term is normally synonymous with the term biocide, and includes antiseptics, disinfectants and antibiotics.

Collagen dressings

These dressing are specifically designed aid the body's natural healing processes and usually use sources of collagen derived from porcine, bovine, equine, or avian sources, which are combined with another agent to form a dressing.

Compression therapy

Compression therapy involves using stockings, bandages or an adjustable compression device that exert graduated pressure on the lower leg. It is the gold standard treatment for venous leg ulcers and venous hypertension and can help to prevent leg ulcer recurrence.

Debridement pads

This area of the product pyramid covers a new, quick and easy debridement method that involves using wound pads to remove exudate and cell debris.

Film dressings

Film dressings are transparent, flexible and adhesive, and are used for superficial wounds or those expected to heal without complication. They protect the wound from friction and damage and provide a barrier against microorganisms.

Foam dressings

Foam dressings are absorbent dressings that can be used on wounds that produce low to high volumes of wound fluid (also known as exudate). They absorb exudate to prevent it from damaging the wound and surrounding skin (the periwound area).

Honey dressings

Honey is a topical antibacterial agent that has been used for centuries in wound care. Medical grade wound care products can be used to treat various wound types including acute, chronic and infected wounds.

Hydrocolloid dressings

Hydrocolloid dressings are suitable for a wide range of wounds and are designed to absorb wound fluid (exudate), promote a moist wound healing environment and aid debridement.

Hydrogel dressings

Hydrogel dressings are used in a variety of wound types and they are designed to hold moisture at the wound surface, providing the ideal environment for wound cleansing and autolytic debridement, where the body’s own enzymes debride dead tissue.


Iodine has been used in wound care for more than 170 years. There have been reviews of its antimicrobial activity, chemical properties, clinical effectiveness and cytotoxicity.

Larval therapy

Larval therapy is primarily used to debride slough and necrosis (dead tissue) from acute or chronic wounds, remove bacteria and stimulate healing. It can also be used to ascertain the extent of a wound through removing devitalised tissue.

Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT)

Negative pressure wound therapy or NPWT is a wound treatment based on the use of suction to promote wound healing. It ensures a closed, moist wound environment.

Odour control

Many types of wounds can become malodorous and this can have far-reaching effects on the patient’s wellbeing. It can cause feelings of social isolation and distress, so it is important to treat this unpleasant symptom.

Protease modulators

Protease-modulating dressings have been developed to reduce the levels of activity of harmful proteases (proteinases) in the wound fluid (exudate) of chronic wounds.


Wound care has recently seen a dramatic increase in the number of products available. Alongside this, other resources are emerging to help clinicians choose the most appropriate treatment for their patients.

Scar management

Scars form when the outer layer of the skin is damaged. They are caused by the build up of collagen which is produced to help a wound heal. Initially, the scar may appear inflamed and the skin raised.

Silver dressings

Silver has been used as a topical antimicrobial agent for millennia in wound care, and is currently available in a variety of wound dressings.

Skin care

The skin is the largest organ of the body and acts as a barrier against microbial invasion and harmful chemicals. It also regulates heat and water loss and produces vitamin D.

Superabsorbent dressings

Superabsorbent dressings have an extra fluid-handling capacity. They are designed to be used on wounds that produce high volumes of wound fluid (known as exudate).

Wound contact layers

Wound contact layers comprise a single layer of non-adherent mesh-like material designed as protection for fragile tissue on the wound bed. They are usually used in the early stages of healing to promote granulation and epithelialisation.